At the Paris Climate Conference held in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement – the first universal, legally binding global climate deal. The signatory parties committed themselves to a global action plan that aims to keep global warming to well below 2°C and to limit the global temperature increase to 1.5°C.
Despite six years of crisis in Syria, agriculture remains a key part of the economy. The sector still accounts for an estimated 26 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and represents a critical safety net for the 6.7 million Syrians – including those internally displaced - who still remain in rural areas. However, agriculture and the livelihoods that depend on it have suffered massive loss. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has now conducted the first comprehensive nationwide assessment on the cost of the war to the agriculture sector.
The European Union has long played a leadership role in climate diplomacy. One challenging development for future EU climate diplomacy is the centrality of technology in contemporary global interventions to deal with climate change and promote sustainable energy. Challenges and opportunities in this field of action were central to a workshop hosted by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) in partnership with the Transnational Law Institute (TLI) of the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London, and Fondation Jean-Jaurès.
This paper by Sebastian Oberthür (IES – Institute for European Studies) discusses the EU’s position in climate geopolitics after COP21. It therefore highlights the importance of fora beyond the UNFCCC, arguing that the EU’s position in climate geopolitics will in large part depend its internal climate and energy policy framework for 2030 and beyond.
This publication sheds light on the multitude of international cooperative initiatives (ICIs) which are underway outside the formal UN climate negotiating process.
Shale gas. Unconventional and unwanted: the case against shale gas. Friends of the Earth Europe/Heinrich Böll Foundation.