Environmental problems know no political boundaries or social divisions. Solving these problems therefore requires collective efforts in the area of environmental protection. Away from the polarizations of economic and political relations, environmental cooperation can contribute to building trust, to initiating dialogue and to fostering the creation of a regional identity based on the shared use of natural resources. Peacebuilding through environmental cooperation can create a positive political framework for cooperation and helps to reduce the likelihood of open conflict between countries and social groups.
Water is an indispensable resource – both for humans and the environment. For thousands of years, people have been rivals for scarce water resources. Only around one percent of the Earth’s water supply is fresh water readily available for human use. In addition, that one percent is distributed very unevenly in terms of geography and the seasons.