This primer explains the current situation concerning the United Kingdom’s food supply and how this is likely to change in the medium and long term as a result of climate change. It discusses likely threats to UK food security emerging from a range of potential warming scenarios and the current policy debate on how to address them effectively.
There has been a surge in international migration in recent years, reaching a total of 244 million individuals in 2015. Forced displacement has also reached a record high, with 65.3 million individuals displaced worldwide by the end of 2015 – including refugees, IDPs and asylum seekers. Yet while the absolute numbers have increased over the last 15 years, migrants as a percentage of total global population has remained stable at about three percent. A majority of migrants remain on their own continents – nearly nine out of ten African migrants settle on the African continent, while eight out of ten Asian migrants remain in Asia. Forced displacement is predominantly an issue outside wealthy economies:
nine out of ten refugees are hosted by low and middle-income countries.
Options and Proposals for the International Governance of Geoengineering. Climate Change 14/2014. On behalf of the Federal Environment Agency (Germany).
Climate Security and Justice for Small Island Developing States. An Agenda for Action. Policy Brief 9.
Up for Grabs. Millions of hectares of customary land in PNG stolen for logging. Sydney: Greenpeace Australia Pacific.
Climate change in UK security policy: implications for development assistance? Working Paper 342. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Global Food Responsibility. The European Union and the United States Must Chart a New Path. CIDSE-IATP Policy Paper. Brussels.