Climate change impacts on water resources are increasingly affecting the vulnerability of global hydropower generation. Higher temperatures and changing weather patterns are altering evaporation, river flow, rainfall patterns, frequency of extreme weather, and glacial melting rates.
There is growing attention on the potential of environmental factors to play a significant role on the security of communities and nations. In the Latin American region, environmental and natural resource aspects have since long played a major part in conflict and security outcomes.
Countries vulnerable to extreme weather and rising seas should follow the example of small Pacific island states like Kiribati, and work out how to relocate threatened communities if there is no alternative, experts said at U.N. climate talks in Lima.
The worst drought to grip Săo Paulo, Brazil and neighboring states in 80 years is wreaking havoc on the local population. As of late October, key reservoirs hold less than two weeks’ worth of drinking water.
“We could be the last Latin American and Caribbean generation living together with hunger.”
The United Nations Small Island States conference (UNSIDS 2014) held in Apia Samoa in early September this year was a momentous gathering of international donors held after 10 years to focus global attention on the predicamen
Recent attacks against the Cańo Limon-Coveńas pipeline cut the daily production by 7 percent, a setback as Colombia seeks to increase its oil exports.
It is no longer a question of addressing if climate change is affecting the world we are living in, but it is focusing on, what is going on, and how we are to alleviate the unfolding impacts around us.
The most recent IPCC report included a chapter on security – the first time this has happened. The report pointed to a range of security threats associated with climate change, including ill-health, food shortages and natural disasters; and increased conflict, displacement and migration.