Transnational crime, illicit exploitation of resources, climate change, natural disasters and other factors that threatened small island developing States must be addressed globally and in the context of international stability, speakers stressed in an all-day open debate in the Security Council.
The concept of 'environmental refugees’, or 'climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. I want to argue that there are good reasons to use the term.
The migrant crisis in the Mediterranean is symptomatic of deep dislocation in the Sahel region and sub-Saharan Africa — dislocation exacerbated by climate change.
Climate change is affecting such basic environmental conditions as rainfall patterns and temperatures and is contributing to more frequent natural disasters like floods and droughts. Over the long term, these changing conditions can undermine the rural livelihoods of farming, herding and fishing. The resulting rural dislocation is a factor in people’s decisions to migrate.
Bandaid solutions to natural disasters are simply not enough. It's time to be proactive, because the cost of inaction will be much higher.