With climate change likely intensifying the effects of this year's El Niño, many parts of the world are experiencing longer droughts, more frequent floods and increasingly violent storms. This can have a devastating effect on poor and vulnerable households, underlying the critical role that climate adaptation efforts play in sustaining livelihoods. Ethiopia is facing its worst drought in 50 years. Two successive rainy seasons have failed, leaving up to ten million people in need of aid. As of May 2016, humanitarian funding requirements have increased to more than US$1.5 billion.
Valuable natural resources – such as gold, diamonds, high-grade timber and oil and high-grade timber – are often used to finance wars, prolonging them and exacerbating their destructive impact. Disputes over the control of such natural resources can also be a source of violent conflict.