Given that there have been three major peace processes in Sudan’s troubled western province of Darfur, the current escalation of violence indicates that perhaps something about existing approaches is failing to hit the mark.
The African Union Border Programme (AUBP), supported by the GIZ and the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University (AAU), invites contributions to a colloquium on African Borders on 29th and 30th October 2015 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Following the 1st Colloquium on African Border Management in October 2012 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the AUBP supported by the GIZ and in cooperation with the IPSS will hold a second colloquium to scientifically examine:
The migrant crisis in the Mediterranean is symptomatic of deep dislocation in the Sahel region and sub-Saharan Africa — dislocation exacerbated by climate change.
Climate change is affecting such basic environmental conditions as rainfall patterns and temperatures and is contributing to more frequent natural disasters like floods and droughts. Over the long term, these changing conditions can undermine the rural livelihoods of farming, herding and fishing. The resulting rural dislocation is a factor in people’s decisions to migrate.