State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.
Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.
In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.
With this Briefing Book the Climate and Security Advisory Group (CSAG), a voluntary, non-partisan group of U.S.-based military, national security, homeland security, intelligence and foreign policy experts from a broad range of institutions, composed a list of recommendations which a new U.S. administration should consider in terms of climate change and security.
Climate change is projected to produce more intense and frequent extreme weather events, multiple weather disturbances, along with broader climatological effects, such as sea level rise. These are almost certain to have significant direct and indirect social, economic, political, and security implications during the next 20 years. These effects will be especially pronounced as populations continue to concentrate in climate-vulnerable locales such as coastal areas, water-stressed regions, and ever-growing cities.
La Buena Vida- The Good Life (2015) tells the story of the small community Tamaquito in Guajíra, Columbia resisting the relocation plans of a coal mining company.
Pro-poor Resource Governance under Changing Climates. Addressing vulnerabilities in rural Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Ecuador and India. IASS Study. Potsdam.
Climate Change. Energy Infrastructure Risks and Adaptation Efforts. Report to Congressional Requesters.
The Climate and Energy Nexus: Challenges and Opportunities for Transatlantic Security. Alexandria, London: CNA/RUSI.
Giving It Away: The Consequences of an Unsustainable Mining Policy in Colombia. London: ABColombia.
Energy’s next frontiers. How technology is radically reshaping supply, demand and the energy of geopolitics. Deloitte Center for Energy Solutions.
Powering America’s Defense: Energy and the Risks to National Security. Report by the Military Advisory Board (MAB) of the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA).