State fragility, often related to the expansion of organised crime and human rights violations, has contributed towards elevated rates of violence across Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Additionally, high inequality is shaping how climate affects security in the region, raising new issues about climate justice and climate-related migration. In short, climate change acts as a risk multiplier in LAC, exacerbating existing conflict and fragility dynamics.
Evidence from existing programs shows that climate change adaptation interventions can contribute to peacebuilding, and peacebuilding can have significant adaptation benefits.
In order to help address escalating violence, UN Environment has launched the UN Initiative for Environmental Defenders. This brief analyses the initiative and looks into how member states can support peace by engaging in environmental diplomacy, with a focus on Brazil.
Internal climate migrants are rapidly becoming the human face of climate change. According to this new World Bank report, without urgent global and national climate action, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America could see more than 140 million people move within their countries’ borders by 2050.
La Buena Vida- The Good Life (2015) tells the story of the small community Tamaquito in Guajíra, Columbia resisting the relocation plans of a coal mining company.
Pro-poor Resource Governance under Changing Climates. Addressing vulnerabilities in rural Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Ecuador and India. IASS Study. Potsdam.
Amazonia Security Agenda: Summary of Findings and Initial Recommendations. Global Canopy Programme and International Center for Tropical Agriculture.
Water as a Casualty of Conflict: Threats to Business and Society in High-Risk Areas. San Francisco: Pacific Institute.
Giving It Away: The Consequences of an Unsustainable Mining Policy in Colombia. London: ABColombia.
World’s top 10 rivers at risk. WWF International. Gland, Switzerland.