According to the Global Climate Risk Index, four of the world’s ten countries most affected by climate change are located in Southeast Asia: Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. This study examines the implications of climate change and climate policy for international affairs in Southeast Asia and for ASEAN as a multilateral organization.
The past two decades have witnessed the emergence of a large body of research examining the linkage between environmental scarcity, violent conflict, and cooperation. However, this environmental security polemic is still trying to deliver a well-defined approach to achieving peace.
Conflict and climate change have pushed 124 million people in 51 countries into acute food security, a situation when the inability to consume adequate food represents an immediate danger to people’s lives and livelihoods. In 2017, the number of people affected by acute food insecurity increased by 11 million. These are the main findings of a publication titled, “Global Report on Food Crises,” released by the Food Security Information Network (FSIN).
Internal climate migrants are rapidly becoming the human face of climate change. According to this new World Bank report, without urgent global and national climate action, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America could see more than 140 million people move within their countries’ borders by 2050.
This policy brief explores the way in which linking climate change adaptation and peacebuilding measures presents opportunities and challenges for conﬂict prevention. It argues that integrating these two sectors could play a major role in preventing the triggering and escalation of climate-related conﬂicts and in promoting peace. However, integrating climate change adaptation and peacebuilding remains a challenge for practitioners. This policy brief outlines the key issues that must be resolved in order to make progress towards a more holistic approach and greater resilience.
This SIPRI Insights presents a concise analysis of how three regional intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) in Europe with a security mandate — EU, OSCE and NATO — are responding to climate-related security risks. Together, these three IGOs are the main Europe-based regional organizations involved in European and international security.
"From Riches to Rags?" looks into the subject of stranded assets in the fossil fuel sector. Stranded assets are assets that lose value, or generate new liabilities, before they reach the end of their (planned) economic life. In this paper, assets primarily refer to fossil fuel resources (oil, gas and coal) that need to stay in the ground because otherwise the 2-degree target specified in the Paris Agreement would be jeopardised.
The report “New dots on the security horizon” analyses the top threats to EU security identified by the Clingendael Expert Pool that brings together over 200 experts on five selected fields (climate change, CBRN, free trade, migration and terrorism). It summarizes the results of an online survey that was conducted in order to identify and compile a shortlist of upcoming and new threats.
As climate security challenges are typically transnational in nature, states are increasingly relying on intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)—such as the European Union (EU), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)—in their responses to them. However, the growing importance of IGOs raises a number of questions.
It is undoubtedly a challenge for climate policy actors to identify reliable evidence to support sound decision-making processes for tackling climate issues effectively. Still, differentiating between fact and fiction, well-designed and invalid science, evidence- or interest-based arguments is precisely what determines the quality of climate policies.
Shortly after releasing a report on its climate change strategy in July 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations presents a new report at COP23 - this time focusing on the organization's concrete work on climate change.
This policy brief considers the interlinkages between climate change, migration and security. It argues that despite the lack of scientific consensus the potential consequences are too large to ignore and no-regret policy options should be adopted.
A new report "Action on Climate and Security Risks: Review of Progress 2017" has just been launched which sums up the progress made on the climate and security nexus in 2017.
Despite general political commitment to cooperation, water policies in Central Asia are largely driven by uncoordinated and partly contradicting national strategies. By raising awareness of these costs of inaction, and by setting out a variety of pathways towards eliminating them in the future, the present report seeks to encourage and support Central Asian policy-makers in strengthening regional water cooperation and improved water governance.
Whether the Council should address climate change is a highly politicized question, tied to controversies about the Council’s mandate, membership reform, and the appropriate division of labour in the UN system. Lost in this political debate has been a more fundamental question—what exactly could the Council do?