Although there is no causality nor direct and automatic link between climate change and conflict, we can see that climate change can intensify conflict drivers and make it harder to find stability. The online workshop ‘Climate change, conflict and fragility: Increasing resilience against climate-fragility risks’, organised by the European Peacebuilding Liaison Office (EPLO) and adelphi, looked into this complex relationship.
70 percent of the most climate-vulnerable countries also belong to the most fragile countries. This often comes down to questions of governance: communities are more vulnerable to climate change, and to conflict, because their governance system is not working for them, leaving them vulnerable.
Here are seven climate-fragility risks that can be shown to affect conflict dynamics:
Despite the positive momentum around climate change, we also witness an increased militarization and securitization (global military expenditure is estimated to have been at the highest level since 1988). Climate-fragility conflict risks do not suggest military responses: in the face of these challenges, there is a need for an integrated response across key policy fields such as climate change adaptation, peacebuilding and conflict prevention, development and humanitarian aid.
Conflict sensitivity and climate response need to go hand in hand: the peacebuilding community should integrate the climate risks into their conflict analysis and responses (peacebuilding programmes can help build the resilience needed for climate adaptation), and the climate community should be more inclusive and address issues around the political economy, work on social cohesion, etc. when leading climate action.
UN Environment and the European Union (EU) are partnering with adelphi for a four-year project (2017–2021), financed by the EU’s Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP). The project, designed as a response to the recommendations of the ‘A New Climate For Peace: Taking Action on Climate Fragility Risks’ report (2015), is developing a toolbox and guidance material on how to integrate climate adaption and conflict sensitivity.
This blog post, originally posted on the EPLO blog, was written in the framework of the online workshop ‘Climate change, conflict and fragility: Increasing resilience against climate-fragility risks’, organised by the European Peacebuilding Liaison Office (EPLO), together with adelphi and the Climate Diplomacy initiative, with support from the German Federal Foreign Office.