As the second week of COP25 begins in Madrid, it is time to stress once more the importance of building momentum for adaptation. At the beginning of the conference, Oxfam published a report outlining the profound impacts of extreme weather events such as flooding and cyclones: more than 20 million people are displaced each year by such events. Meanwhile, Zambia and Zimbabwe are currently facing the worst drought in a century, with tremendous impacts on the Victoria Falls. There is obviously a need for adaptation planning, implementation and financing. However, so far only seventeen countries have presented National Adaptation Plans (NAP) - despite international partners providing important support. Whereas the international negotiations are bogged down with...
Speech by German foreign minister Heiko Maas at the COP 25 briefing
At a briefing ahead of the COP25, German foreign minister Heiko Maas called for higher ambition for the European Union, which should act as a role-model to encourage other states to boost their commitments. He further reiterated the need to support multilateralism and an international climate regime that is able to withstand setbacks, such as the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.
A toolkit for addressing climate fragility risks
Climate change is increasingly challenging global security and undermining peacebuilding efforts. A toolkit developed by UNEP and EU with adelphi's support facilitates the development and implementation of strategies, policies, and projects that seek to build resilience by linking climate change adaptation, peacebuilding, and sustainable livelihoods, focusing on the pilot countries Sudan and Nepal.
The Climate Security Expert Network goes online
If the UN is to effectively deal with climate-related security risks, it needs expert support from every region. That’s where the Climate Security Expert Network comes in. The network, launched in November, brings together around 30 experts from across the world. It synthesises scientific knowledge and advises on entry points for building resilience to climate-security risks. Access climate-fragility risk briefs on Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Pacific Islands and South Asia.
Ethiopia's climate fragility and security links too serious to ignore
Economic growth and stable leadership put Ethiopia in a positive spotlight, but it still ranks low in development and depends on rainfed agriculture, making it vulnerable to climate change. Combined with existing tensions, climate vulnerability can exacerbate security risks.
China's geoengineering build-up poses geopolitical and security risks
As China advances its geoengineering capabilities, new geopolitical challenges loom. Using these techniques could have long-term climate impatcs on the entire region of South and Southeast Asia, impinging on countries' rights and territorial integrity.
COP25 side event: Climate and security in Latin America and the Caribbean – From evidence to policy solutions
Whether shifting rain patterns in the Amazon or melting glaciers in the Andes, extreme weather event and climate impacts can multiply violence and conflict in LAC. This side event will advance the debate about the growing body of research on these issues through the launch of the report Climate and Security in Latin America and the Caribbean. The side event will take place on 10 December 2019 between 14:45-16:00 in the Brazil Climate Action Hub, Hall 8.
COP25 side event: A call for action – Prospects of new alliances around climate and security
The session aims at making the COP community aware of the climate-security nexus and focuses on a debate on integrated risk analysis, mitigation and management. This side event will take stock of progress made at the international level on climate, peace and security and discuss pathways to facilitate action on climate-security risks in Latin America and beyond. The side event will take place on 11 December 2019 between 15:30-17:00 in the German Pavilion, Hall 6.
"Our nation is dependent on the elements of nature" – Foreign Minister Shahid, Maldives
Small island states may be the first to feel the impacts of climate change, but they will certainly not be the last. Abdulla Shahid, Minister for Foreign Affairs for the Republic of Maldives, reminds the international community that, should it fail to unite in this fight, the impacts of climate change will be increasingly felt by bigger, more developed countries.
The link between climate and security is clear; now is time for action – Benedetta Berti, NATO
For security organisations, building societal resilience is crucial to ensure peace. Benedetta Berti, Head of Policy Planning at NATO, explains how NATO is preparing to respond to climate-related threats and looking to reduce its own energy consumption.
Give me five! – Key blocks to guide a European green deal for EU foreign policy on the geopolitics of decarbonisation
This policy brief focuses on six fossil-fuel exporting countries – Azerbaijan, Canada, Colombia, Indonesia, Nigeria and Qatar – where fossil fuels have played a key role in relations with the EU and analyses how they may be affected by the decarbonisation of Europe. It offers recommendations for the EU Commission in five areas: climate & energy, trade & investment, science & education, finance & development, and security & peace.
Climate change and security: A short Q&A
Why is climate change a concern for the UN Security Council? What action exactly should the UNSC take? What are the risks of inaction? These are some of the questions posed by the international community amidst rising concerns over climate-related security risks by the climate community. Prepared by the new launched Climate Security Expert Network, this overview explains why climate change is a matter of concern for international peace and security and how the UN system should deal with climate-related security risks.
G20 Brown to Green Report 2019
The Brown to Green Report is the world’s most comprehensive review of G20 climate action. It's latest issue provides concise and comparable information on G20 country mitigation action, finance and adaptation. Developed by experts from 14 research organisations and NGOs from the majority of the G20 countries, the report draws on the latest emissions data from 2018 and covers 80 indicators on decarbonisation, climate policies, finance and vulnerability to the impacts of climate change.
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Alexander Carius, Noah Gordon, Daria Ivleva, Raquel Munayer, Benjamin Pohl, Lukas Rüttinger, Stella Schaller, Katarina Schulz, Dennis Tänzler, Janani Vivekananda. Editing support: Adrian Foong and Lucas Plummer.
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adelphi is a leading think tank for policy analysis and strategy consulting. We offer creative solutions and services on global environment and development challenges for policy, business and civil society communities. Our projects contribute to sustaining natural life systems and fostering sustainable enterprises.
The Manipal Advanced Research Group (MARG) was formed in early 2006. Given the wide variety of expertise available at Manipal University, this initiative seeks to establish synergies between fundamental research in the natural (physical) sciences and engineering. MARG has also launched the Science, Technology and Security Forum (STSf) website, which is intended to provide a platform to the larger strategic, academic, diplomatic and scientific community to participate in debates on matters impacting international security with a particular focus on Asia and, in particular, India.
The Igarapé Institute is an independent think and do tank devoted to evidence-based policy and action on complex security, justice and development challenges in Brazil, Latin America, and Africa. The Institute's goal is to stimulate debate, foster connections and trigger action. The Institute has its headquarters in Rio de Janeiro, with personnel spread across Brazil, Colombia and Mexico. Established in 2011, it is supported by bilateral agencies, foundations, international organizations and private donors from around the world.