This policy brief provides a typology and analysis of climate-related security risks in the first round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).
The report shares the results of a study of the first round of NDCs conducted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), with contributions from the UNFCCC secretariat. The analysis shows that climate change is recognized by many countries as a matter of national security, but also as a factor that exacerbates the drivers of different types of conflict and security risks. Conflict and insecurity are also described in the NDCs as increasing vulnerability to climate change and/or as being potentially disruptive to climate action and to the achievement of NDC targets, including in post-conflict situations.
The results are insightful from a policy perspective, and could inform the work of the Climate Security Mechanism, which was established in 2018 by UNDP, the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs of the United Nations and the United Nations Environment Programme to strengthen United Nations’ capacity to address climate-related security risks.
How countries have addressed climate-related security risks in their NDCs can also inform the integration or mainstreaming of climate security dimensions into policy, planning, strategy and programming on both climate change and peacebuilding.
[This description was extracted from the report’s homepage and introduction.]